China Standard FCL Flexible Shaft Couplings for Reducer and Motor

Product Description

SC Transmission FCL Flexible Shaft Couplings for Reducer and Motor


Product Description

FCL Coupling/Shaft Coupling /Pin & Bush Coupling /FCL Flexible Coupling/NBK FCL Coupling is widely used for its compacts designing, easy installation, convenient maintenance, small and light weight. 

As long as the relative displacement between shafts is kept within the specified tolerance, couplings will operate the best function and have a longer working life.

Thus it is greatly demanded in medium and minor power transmission systems driven by motors, such as speed reducers, hoists, compressors, conveyors, spinning and weaving machines and ball mills.

Product Parameters

SIZE     D D1 d1 L C n-M kg
FCL90 4 4000 90 35.5 11 28 3 4-M8 1.7
FCL100 10 4000 100 40 11 35.5 3 4-M10 2.3
FCL112 16 4000 112 45 13 40 3 4-M10 2.8
FCL125 25 4000 125 65 50 13 45 3 4-M12 4
FCL140 50 4000 140 71 63 13 50 3 6-M12 5.4
FCL160 110 4000 160 80 15 56 3 8-M12 8
FCL180 157 3500 180 90 15 63 3 8-M12 10.5
FCL200 245 3200 200 100 21 71 4 8-M20 16.2
FCL224 392 2850 224 112 21 80 4 8-M20 21.3
FCL250 618 2550 250 125 25 90 4 8-M24 31.6
FCL280 980 2300 280 140 34 100 4 8-M24 44
FCL315 1568 2050 315 160 41 112 4 10-M24 57.7
FCL355 2450 1800 355 180 60 125 5 8-M30 89.5
FCL400 3920 1600 400 200 60 125 5 10-M30 113
FCL450 6174 1400 450 224 65 140 5 12-M30 145
FCL560 9800 1150 560 250 85 160 5 14-M30 229
FCL630 15680 1000 630 280 95 180 5 18-M30 296



Company Profile



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shaft coupling

Understanding the Torque and Misalignment Capabilities of Shaft Couplings

Shaft couplings play a critical role in transmitting torque and accommodating misalignment between rotating shafts in mechanical power transmission systems. Understanding their torque and misalignment capabilities is essential for selecting the right coupling for a specific application. Here’s an overview:

Torque Transmission:

The torque capacity of a shaft coupling refers to its ability to transmit rotational force from one shaft to another. It is typically specified in torque units, such as Nm (Newton-meters) or lb-ft (pound-feet). The coupling’s torque capacity depends on its design, size, and material.

When selecting a coupling, it’s crucial to ensure that its torque capacity meets or exceeds the torque requirements of the application. Overloading a coupling beyond its torque capacity can lead to premature failure or damage to the coupling and connected equipment.

Misalignment Compensation:

Shaft misalignment can occur due to various factors, including thermal expansion, manufacturing tolerances, or foundation settling. Misalignment puts additional stress on the coupling and connected components, potentially leading to increased wear and reduced efficiency.

Shaft couplings are designed to compensate for different types of misalignment:

  • Angular Misalignment: Occurs when the shafts are not parallel and have an angle between them.
  • Parallel Misalignment: Occurs when the shafts are not collinear, resulting in axial displacement.
  • Radial Misalignment: Occurs when the shafts have lateral displacement but remain parallel.

The coupling’s misalignment capabilities are specified in terms of angular and axial misalignment values, usually in degrees or millimeters. Different coupling designs can accommodate varying degrees of misalignment, and the choice depends on the specific application and operating conditions.

Flexible Couplings:

Flexible couplings, such as elastomeric or jaw couplings, offer good misalignment compensation. They can handle a combination of angular, parallel, and axial misalignments. However, their torque capacity may be limited compared to rigid couplings.

Rigid Couplings:

Rigid couplings, such as clamp or sleeve couplings, have high torque transmission capabilities but offer minimal misalignment compensation. They are best suited for applications where shafts are well-aligned and precise torque transmission is critical.

Torsional Stiffness:

Another factor to consider is the coupling’s torsional stiffness, which determines how much torsional deflection or twist occurs under load. Some applications, like precision systems, may require couplings with high torsional stiffness to maintain accurate positioning and avoid torsional backlash.

By understanding the torque and misalignment capabilities of shaft couplings, engineers can make informed decisions when selecting a coupling to ensure efficient power transmission and reliable performance in their mechanical systems.

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How to Identify Signs of Wear or Failure in a Shaft Coupling

Regular inspection and monitoring are essential to identify signs of wear or potential failure in a shaft coupling. Detecting issues early can help prevent costly downtime and equipment damage. Here are common signs to look for:

1. Visible Damage:

Inspect the coupling for visible signs of damage, such as cracks, chips, or deformation. These can indicate mechanical stress or overload.

2. Abnormal Noise or Vibration:

Unusual noise or excessive vibration during operation may indicate misalignment, worn-out components, or a coupling nearing its failure point.

3. Increased Temperature:

If the coupling becomes noticeably hotter during operation than usual, it could be a sign of friction or misalignment issues.

4. Shaft Misalignment:

Check for misalignment between the shafts connected by the coupling. Misalignment can lead to increased stress on the coupling and its components.

5. Excessive Backlash:

If the coupling exhibits too much free play or rotational play before torque transmission, it might indicate wear or fatigue in the coupling’s components.

6. Lubrication Issues:

Inspect the coupling for lubrication leaks or insufficient lubrication, which can lead to increased friction and wear.

7. Elastomeric Element Deterioration:

If the coupling uses elastomeric elements (e.g., rubber or polyurethane), check for signs of deterioration, such as cracking, softening, or deformation.

8. Bolts and Fasteners:

Examine the bolts and fasteners connecting the coupling components. Loose or damaged bolts can lead to misalignment and coupling failure.

9. Age and Service Life:

Consider the age and service life of the coupling. If it has been in use for a long time or exceeds the manufacturer’s recommended service life, it may be more susceptible to wear and failure.

10. Abnormal Performance:

Monitor the overall performance of the connected equipment. Any abnormal behavior, such as reduced power transmission or erratic operation, could be indicative of coupling issues.

If any of these signs are observed, it’s crucial to take immediate action. Depending on the severity of the issue, this may involve replacing worn components, realigning the shafts, or replacing the entire coupling. Regular maintenance and periodic inspections are key to identifying these signs early and ensuring the coupling operates optimally and safely.

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Types of Shaft Couplings and Their Applications in Various Industries

Shaft couplings come in various types, each designed to meet specific application requirements and address different types of misalignment. Here are some common types of shaft couplings and their applications in various industries:

1. Jaw Couplings:

Applications: Jaw couplings are widely used in power transmission applications, including conveyor systems, pumps, compressors, and industrial machinery. They are suitable for moderate torque requirements and provide good misalignment compensation.

2. Gear Couplings:

Applications: Gear couplings are used in heavy-duty industrial applications such as steel mills, paper mills, and mining equipment. They offer high torque capacity and can handle significant misalignments.

3. Disc Couplings:

Applications: Disc couplings are commonly used in precision machinery and automation systems, such as printing presses, machine tools, and robotics. They provide excellent torsional stiffness and are ideal for applications requiring precise positioning.

4. Grid Couplings:

Applications: Grid couplings are used in various industrial applications, including fans, pumps, and compressors. They offer high torque capacity and good shock absorption.

5. Oldham Couplings:

Applications: Oldham couplings are used in applications requiring high misalignment compensation, such as stepper motor drives and motion control systems.

6. Diaphragm Couplings:

Applications: Diaphragm couplings are used in critical applications that demand high torque transmission accuracy, such as aerospace, medical equipment, and semiconductor manufacturing.

7. Elastomeric Couplings:

Applications: Elastomeric couplings, like spider couplings, find applications in general industrial machinery, HVAC systems, and conveyor systems. They provide damping properties and flexibility to accommodate misalignments.

8. Torsionally Rigid Couplings:

Applications: Torsionally rigid couplings are used in applications requiring precise torque transmission, such as precision machining equipment and high-speed spindles.

9. Fluid Couplings:

Applications: Fluid couplings are used in heavy machinery and drivetrains, such as mining equipment, crushers, and marine propulsion systems. They provide smooth acceleration and dampening of shock loads.

10. Magnetic Couplings:

Applications: Magnetic couplings are used in applications where hermetic sealing is required, such as chemical processing, pumps, and mixers. They allow for torque transmission without direct physical contact.

The selection of the appropriate shaft coupling type depends on factors such as torque requirements, speed, misalignment, operating conditions, and the specific needs of the application. Using the right coupling ensures efficient power transmission, protects equipment from misalignment-related issues, and enhances the overall reliability and performance of industrial machinery and systems.

China Standard FCL Flexible Shaft Couplings for Reducer and Motor  China Standard FCL Flexible Shaft Couplings for Reducer and Motor
editor by CX 2024-04-10


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